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  1. Vehicle Inspection
  2. Vehicle Inspection Information

Vehicle Inspection Information

1. Objectives

  • To ensure the safety of a vehicle and protect the lives and property of the citizens from traffic accidents by checking whether a vehicle is roadworthy
  • To prevent damage and establish driving rules by identifying uninsured and illegally modified vehicles
  • To prevent crime and authenticate ownership by checking the vehicle's identity
  • To prevent environmental pollution caused by emissions and noise

2. Vehicle Inspection Types

  • New Inspection
    - Inspection required for the initial registration of a vehicle
  • Periodic Inspection
    - Regular inspection that is required after the initial registration
  • Structural Modification Inspection
    - The inspection required when modifying the structure or equipment in a vehicle
  • Temporary Inspection
    - Irregular inspection implemented under the Vehicle Maintenance Act or as ordered by the Vehicle Maintenance Act orupon request by the owner of the vehicle

3. Inspection Standards and Items

  • Inspection Standards
    - A vehicle is inspected—
    • to see whether its structure and equipment comply with the inspection standards and rules on vehicle safety standards described in Asterisk 15 of the Enforcement Rules of the Vehicle Maintenance Act
    • to see whether its emission gases (CO, HC, λ, exhaust gas) comply with the allowance standards designated in the Environmental Preservation Act
    • to see whether its horn sound and noise comply with the allowance standards designated in the regulations on noise and vibration and whether its structure or equipment have been changed arbitrarily
  • Inspection Items
    - A) Device Check (7 items)
    • Steering wheel skid amount
    • Braking power
    • Speed meter error
    • Brightness and optical axis of head lights
    • Thickness of emission gases (CO, HC, λ)
    • Horn sound and noise
    • LPG leakage
    - B) Major Items checked with the unaided eye (14 items)
    • Identity

      ※ Discord between frame number and motor type (including forgery, change or damage of letter shape)
      ※ Difference, damage or loss of flat number or damaged sealing
      ※ Exceeding the allowable error of structure and equipment as per Article 8 of the Order or noncompliant with the safety standards

    • Driving Equipment

      ※ Flexures or cracks on the axle or wheels
      ※ Excessive tire damage or abrasion beyond the allowable standards
      ※ Projection of wheels and tires

    • Steering equipment that is found to exceed the allowable standards, to be changed, welded or loosened, or to be leaking based on the results of inspection with side slip measuring devices
    • Brake equipment found to exceed the allowable standards, to have damage on the braking system, or to be leaking based on the results of inspection with braking testers
    • Fuel equipment with no sealing on the speed regulator or which has a fuel (including LPG) leak
    • Electric and electronic equipment with possibility of engine interruption or fire
    • Frame and car body

      ※ Serious corrosion, serious change or breakage on the frame and car body
      ※ Damage or impairment on the rear safety plate and side protector
      ※ Change or damage on the connection device caused by a towing car

    • Loading equipment with evidence of corrosion or change in case of hazardous chemical products, industrial wastes, and garbage truck
    • Use of unqualified window glass or glass with serious cracks
    • Exceeding the allowable standards defined in Article 37. 2 of the Act of Air Environment Preservation Act and Article 37. 2 of the Act on Noise and Vibration Regulation
    • Lighting System

      ※ Malfunctioning of head lights, winkers, number lights or brake lights, or noncompliance with the standards for light color or installation, malfunctioning of automatic lighting such as taxi signal lights.
      ※ Head lights that do not meet the standards based on the results of inspection using head light testers
      ※ Illegal installation of lights in violation of the safety standards

    • Meter equipment that does not have a meter recorder or a speed regulator (including poorly installed cases) or which exceeds the allowable standards based on the results of inspection using speed meter testers.
    • Arbitrarily modified structure or equipment without approval as defined in Chapter 34 of the Vehicle Maintenance Act

4. Implementation of Vehicle Inspection

  • Term of Validity
    Term of Validity
    Classification Term of Validity
    Non-commercial passenger vehicle or trailer 2 years (4 years for brand-new vehicles that receive initial inspection)
    Commercial passenger vehicle 1 year (2 years for brand-new vehicles that receive initial inspection
    according to Item 5, Article 43 of the Act)
    Light/Small-type van, truck 1 year
    Commercial Large-scale Truck 2 years or younger 1 year
    2 years or younger 6 months
    Others 5 years or younger 1 year
    Over 5 years 6 months
  • Service Charge
    Service Charge
    Classification Service Charge
    Light type Small type Middle type Large type
    Periodic Inspection 15,000 20,000 23,000 25,000
    Temporary Inspection
    Initial Inspection 29,000 31,000 33,000
    Structural Modification Inspection 29,000 33,000 37,000

    ※ Note) All passenger vehicles belong to small-type vehicles.

  • Penalty
    • - 20,000 won when exceeding the inspection period of 30 days, add 10,000 won every 3 days, up to charge up to 300,000 won.

      ※ Period of Inspection: 30 days before or after the expiration date

    • - Inspection Process and Description

    Inspection Process and Description

5. Approval for Structural Modifications

  • This system is designed to prevent traffic accidents and environmental pollution caused by vehicles whose structure or equipment has been modified by checking in advance whether an applicable vehicle could comply with the safety standards if its structure or equipment is modified.
  • Approval and Inspection Procedure
    - A vehicle owner who receives approval for structural modifications needs to have the car repair center complete the modification and receive inspection from the TS vehicle inspection center within 45 days of the approval date.

    Work Flowchart of Approval and Inspection of Structural Modification

    Approval and Inspection Procedure

  • Work Flowchart of Approval and Inspection of Structural Modification
    1. 1. Application for modification
    2. 2. Approval and Issuance of Approval Letter
    3. 3. Request modification
    4. 4. Issuance of modification completion certificate
    5. 5. Application for inspection (within 45 days of the approval date)
    6. 6. Issuance of registration card after recording on structural modification
    7. 7. Report the results of structural modification (computer input)
  • Approval Subjects
    Service Charge
    Classification Contents
    Structure
    • Length, width, height, total weight
    Equipment
    • Motor, power train
    • Driving system (axle only)
    • Steering/Braking system
    • Fuel system
    • Connection and towing system
    • Frame, Car body
    • Riding and loading system
    • NVH system
    • Exhaust
    • Lighting system (head light, number light, rear tail light, brake light, side light, backward light, other light)
    • Internal pressure vessel and its accessory
    • Other equipment designated by the order of the Ministry of Construction and Transportation
    Restriction
    (any change is not allowed)
    • In cases wherein the vehicle type changes due to the modification
    • In cases wherein the modification increases the total weight (except those restored to the original passenger capacity or maximum loadage from the reduced one)
    • In cases wherein the passenger capacity or maximum loadage increases (except the same type) or performance or safety may decrease
  • Service charge
    • - Equipment: 25,000 won
    • - Structural equipment: 40,000 won

6. Types of illegal structural modifications

  • Wide tires and negative wheels

    Wide tires and negative wheels
    • - Lowered fuel efficiency due to increased driving resistance
    • - Higher possibility of the vehicle turning turtle due to the raised height
    • - A pedestrian might be caught in the wide tires
    • - Wheel bolts may break as the mechanical load on wheel nuts increases
    • - Longer braking distance as the vehicle becomes heavier
  • Modification of metal bumper guard and body bottom

    Modification of metal bumper guard and body bottom
    • - Damages the counterpart vehicle or pedestrians more seriously in a car accident
    • - Higher possibility of turning turtle due to the raised height
    • - Longer braking distance as the vehicle becomes heavier
    • - Shortened vehicle life because of the increased mechanical load on the bodybottom
  • Sharp metal spoiler

    Sharp metal spoiler
    Can damage pedestrians with the projected sharp metal spoiler when FRP spoilers installed within the allowable range are allowed.
  • Subsidiary frames on the cargo compartment (Illegal modification)

    Subsidiary frames on the cargo compartment (illegal modification)
    • - Longer braking distance and road damage due to overloading
    • - Shortened vehicle life and excessive emissions
    • - Violation of safety standards: Since the rear safety plate is removed, it is more likely that the passengers in a real collision vehicle are damaged more seriously
  • High-brightness LED lamps

    High-brightness LED lamps
    The high-brightness LED lamp using the sapphire lights installed in the rear could interrupt the rear view of the driver
  • Colored (coated) rear lights or illegal lights

    Colored (coated) rear lights or illegal lights
    • - The lowered visibility and misunderstood signal could cause a traffic accident
    • - Stop lights : Red
    • - Number lights : White
    • - Winker : Yellow
  • Colored head lights and winkers

    Colored (coated) rear lights or illegal lights
    • - Shortened visible distance and hindered identification of obstacles resulted from the blockage of the head light's brightness may cause a serious accident.
    • - Confused visibility due to changed winker colors
  • Clear Lamps

    Clear Lamps
    • - Confused visibility due to the diffusion of light colors when lights are onsimultaneously
    • - Shortened available area of lighting

    ※ Except the vehicles that receive part certifications from the safety test agency

  • Search Lights

    Search Lights
    Illegal lights that are undefined in safety standards and used for other purposes or to interrupt vision
  • Neon Light Frame

    Neon Light Frame
    • - Installed around the number plate decorated with neon lights. It may be misused for escape
    • - The number plate with neon lights is hard to identify when the vehicle violatestraffic regulations
  • Modification of Air Cleaner Inhaler Opening (Illegal revision)

    Modification of Air Cleaner Inhaler Opening (illegal revision)
    • - If the air cleaner inhaler opening is installed on the bumper bottom, water or other foreign particles could flow into the engine to cause performance deterioration
    • - Since water is non-compression liquid, it damages cylinders and pistols.
    • - The projected tires may be dangerous to pedestrians, or they may erode fuel efficiency
  • Engine Hood Up

    Engine Hood Up
    • - If the motor hood (bonnet) is installed while raised, it may directly harm the driver when a collision takes place because the engine hood is not bent.

    ※ Indication: Conduct temporary inspection upon ordering restoration to the original shape or receipt after having it repaired